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Welcome to the European Centre of the INI (INI-Europe)

INI-Europe has been established as a hub of INI-related activities in Europe. More detailed information is available on the concepts and visions of INI-Europe and on the internal structure.
If you wish to contribute to INI-Europe, please join the address list by clicking here (which will initialize an e-mail to be sent to europe@initrogen.org). INI Europe also features "associate activties", i.e. independent projects that fit the INI umbrella.

News

The “International Nitrogen Management System” under the auspices of UNEP and funding from GEF (the Global Environmental Facility) is entering a new phase of preparation.

The proceedings of the 18th Nitrogen workshop held in Lisbon, June 30 - July 3, 2014, are now available at the INI web site for download. The 18th Nitrogen workshop has been organized with support of INI Europe.

Pages

Publications

Author(s): 
H.J.M. van Grinsven, J.W. Erisman, W. de Vries, H. Westhoek
Release Date: 
01/2015

Environ. Res. Lett. 10 (2015) 025002

http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/10/2/025002

The authors explore the potential of sustainable extensification of agriculture by reducing N inputs and livestock densities. A 2030 scenario for the EU27 reducing production and consumption of animal products by 50% (demitarean diet) decreases N pollution by 10%. In Europe, extensification of agriculture is sustainable when combined with adjusted diets, a change to organic farming, and the externalization of environmental costs to food prices.

 

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Author(s): 
de Vries, Wim, Hettelingh, Jean-Paul, Posch, Maximilian (Eds.)
Release Date: 
05/2015

Critical Loads and Dynamic Risk Assessments
Nitrogen, Acidity and Metals in Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystems

Unique complete overview of research methods assessing critical loads and dynamic risk assessments of air pollutants

This book provides a unique overview of research methods over the past 25 years assessing critical loads and temporal effects of the deposition of air pollutants. It includes critical load methods and applications addressing acidification, eutrophication and heavy metal pollution of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Applications include examples for each air pollution threat, both at local and regional scale, including Europe, Asia, Canada and the US. The book starts with background information on the effects of the deposition of sulphur, nitrogen and heavy metals and geochemical and biological indicators for risk assessments. The use of those indicators is then illustrated in the assessment of critical loads and their exceedances and in the temporal assessment of air pollution risks. It also includes the most recent developments of assessing critical loads and current and future risks of soil and water chemistry and biodiversity under climate change, with a special focus on nitrogen. The book thus provides a complete overview of the knowledge that is currently used for the scientific support of policies in the field of air pollution control to protect ecosystem services.

http://www.springer.com/de/book/9789401795074

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Author(s): 
W. Steffen, K. Richardson, J. Rockström, S. E. Cornell, I. Fetzer, E. M. Bennett, R. Biggs, S. R. Carpenter, W. de Vries, C. A. de Wit, Carl Folke, D. Gerten, J. Heinke, G. M. Mace, L. M. Persson, V. Ramanathan, B. Reyers, S. Sörlin
Release Date: 
01/2015

Science
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1259855

The planetary boundaries framework defines a safe operating space for humanity. The concept is based on the intrinsic biophysical processes that regulate the stability of the Earth System. This paper revises and updates the framework, based on targeted input from expert research communities and on more general scientific advances over the past 5 years. Two core boundaries have been identified: climate change and biosphere integrity.

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Author(s): 
H. J. M. van Grinsven, L. Bouwman, K. G. Cassman, H. M. van Es, M. L. McCrackin, and A. H. W. Beusen
Release Date: 
01/2015

J Environ Qual
http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/jeq2014.03.0102
 

Historical trends and levels of nitrogen (N) budgets and emissions to air and water in the European Union and the United States are markedly different. Agro-environmental policy approaches also differ, with emphasis on voluntary or incentive-based schemes in the United States versus a more regulatory approach in the European Union. This paper explores the implications of these differences for attaining long-term policy targets for air and water quality.

region: 
Author(s): 
N J Hutchings, O-K Nielsen, T Dalgaard, M H Mikkelsen, C D Børgesen, M Thomsen, T Ellermann, A L Højberg, L Mogensen and M Winther
Release Date: 
11/2014

Environ. Res. Lett. 9 115012  
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/9/11/115012

A nitrogen (N) budget for Denmark has been developed for the years 1990 to 2010, describing the inputs and outputs at the national scale and the internal flows between relevant sectors of the economy. Significant reductions in inputs of reactive N have been achieved during these 20 years, decreasing nitrate leaching by about half. Measures to limit ammonia emissions have also reduced gaseous emissions of reactive N. The budget was used to frame a discussion of the potential for further reductions in losses of reactive N to the environment.

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Our Director

Kevin Hicks

Country: 
United Kingdom
Affiliation: 
SEI
Deputy Centre Director and Senior Research Associate, Stockholm Environment Institute at York, Environment Department, University of York, UK
Kevin has been a research associate at SEI since 1997 and has 25 years’ experience in the field of air pollution. He has a B.Sc. in Plant Science from the University of Liverpool (1989) and a Ph.D. on ‘The Importance to Upland Vegetation of Enhanced Nitrogen Deposition at High Altitude’ from the Department of Plant and Soil Science, University of Aberdeen, Scotland, UK (1996). His current research interests cover air pollution impacts, especially of nitrogen, on terrestrial ecosystems, linkages between air pollution and climate change, and the transfer of scientific information to the policy process.
He has extensive experience of international cooperation on air pollution issues in Europe and in developing countries and has helped organize various workshops, including a global meeting on Nitrogen Deposition, Critical Loads and Biodiversity in Edinburgh, UK, in 2009. He helped coordinate the 2011 UNEP/WMO Integrated Assessment of Black Carbon and Tropospheric Ozone and is active in the follow-up work in developing countries under the Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC), where he is interested in the development of national action planning and the linkages between energy, food production and water and air quality management in the agricultural sector.
 
He served on the INI Europe Steering Group under Wilfried Winiwarter from 2013 to 2016, before becoming the INI Europe Director in December 2016.

Contact Us

Contact Person: 
Kevin Hicks
Address: 
Stockholm Environment Institute
University of York
York
YO10 5NG
United Kingdom