Successful Past Activities
The European Centre of the International Nitrogen Initiative (INI-Europe) was originally established as one of the regional centres of INI on January 1 2004 based at the Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), with Jan-Willem Erisman as the INI-Europe director. It coordinated the ESF-programme “Nitrogen in Europe” and the COST action 729 “Assessing and managing nitrogen fluxes in the atmosphere-biosphere system in Europe”.
In early 2007, the secretariat moved to the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (CEH), Edinburgh with Mark Sutton taking over as the second director of the INI-Europe. The European Nitrogen Assessment (ENA) published in 2011, was a key highlight under the leadership of Mark Sutton.
Current INI-Europe Steering Committee
Since 2013, INI-Europe is established at the Austrian Academy of Sciences in Vienna, with Wilfried Winiwarter as the new director. Wilfried is Senior Research Scholar with IIASA (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis) in Laxenburg near Vienna, Austria.
Wilfried is supported by the INI-Europe steering committee, which currently consists of the following persons:
European Commission Joint Research Centre (Ispra, Italy)
Hans van Grinsven
PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (Bilthoven, NL)
Stockholm Environment Institute at York (University of York, UK)
Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemuende (IOW) (Germany)
Wim de Vries
ALTERRA (Wageningen University, the Netherlands)
Reactive nitrogen is a component overarching a number of very different environmetal problems. Addressing these problems individually and separately has proven inadequate and quite unsuccessful. Nevertheless, policy approaches to tackle nitrogen problems still are oriented according to problem areas and anvironmental media.
Scientific approaches to tackle reactive nitrogen as a cross-cutting topic exist. Also, from an industrial viewpoint (whether agricultural industry or manufacturing industry), limiting regulations to one consistent set rather than having to deal with quite different demands and regulations from individual policy angles is widely seen as a benefit.
INI-Europe has been active in providing appropriate information on the scientific background as well as Europe-focused regional approaches to adjust to the (for most of Europe) nitrogen excess. In line with the overall timeline of INI (see our leaflet, which also provides a more comprehensive description of INI), which follows a 15-year perspective starting from 2003, INI-Europe now needs to focus on the 3rd phase of development, looking towards ways to implementing scientific, engineering and policy tools to solve nitrogen related problems.
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